Scholl, Inge, and Dorothee Solle. The White Rose: Munich, 1942-1943. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan UP, 1983. Print. This book allowed us to gather information from the sister of Hans and Sophie Scholl. It showed her first hand experience with the White Rose Movement and how it impacted her and others. She explains in a lot of detail what the group did to stop Hitler.
Scholl, HansAt the Heart of the White Rose: Letters and Diaries of Hans and Sophie Scholl. New York: Harper & Row, 1987. Print. These documents helped us to see all of the letters that were sent back and forth between the White Rose members along with the White Rose members sending these letters to their parents about how the war was going and how their resistance was going as well. We used these letters to get a better understanding of a first hand perspective on our topic as well as used as visuals throughout our website.
Scholl, Inge. Students against Tyranny; the Resistance of the White Rose, Munich, 1942-1943. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan UP, 1970. Print. This book was helpful for hearing how the sister of two White Rose members took their execution and how it affected her. She explained lots of background on Sophie and Hans and described their movement. This was helpful for background pieces on the members of the White Rose.
Alexander Schmorell and Hans Scholl. 1942. Digital image. Spartacus Educational Publishers This digital image, was very helpful to gain more knowledge about how the White Rose members connected in World War II. Specifically, this image shows Hans and Alexander (two core members of the White Rose.) Through this image viewers can see the bond they seem to have as friends. This was a helpful source when finding pictures of the White Rose members and their involvement in World War II.
Austrian Jews Dismissed from Workplaces by Nazis. 1938. Digital image. World Socialist Web Site. This digital image portrayed the crimes against the Jewish people that didn’t occur in concentration camps. Specifically, it shows the crimes committed against them in their workplaces. It helped us to have a broader view about how the Jewish community was affected in their everyday lives.
Christoph Probst. September 15, 1935. Photograph. Digital image. Two Face Truth. This digital image of the Nuremberg Laws from Gevisser helped us to have better understanding about what they looked like and how they affected the Jewish people. We used this image in the Nuremberg laws section of our Build up paragraphs. This will help our viewers to understand the Nuremberg laws better.
German Prewar Expansion. 1933. Digital image. Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This digital image from the Holocaust Encyclopedia shows us girls from the “League of German Girls”. This image help us with the Hitler Youth part of our website. The Hitler Youth part is inside of our Build-up section. This image will help us to have an overall understanding of “The League of German Girls” and how Hitler took ahold of the youth.
Gestapo Photographs of Christoph Probst. February 20, 1943. Digital image. Spartacus Educational. This digital image of Christoph Probst from the Gestapo help us to tell their story of their arrest and execution. We will use this picture in our short term impact section to help show that their arrest was an immediate effect of the main event. This will help us and viewers to have a better understanding of what their mug shots looked like during that time.
Hitler Youth Costumes for Girls. 1933. Digital image. Hitler Youth Uniforms Website. This image of the Hitler Youth costumes for girls will give us a better understanding about how the girls of Hitler Youth would have dressed and behaved. We will use this in the Hitler Youth section of our build up page. It helped us to have a better understanding about the Hitler youth and how Hitler controlled them.
Hitler Youth Poster. 1936. Digital image. Ancient Life and Surroundings This Hitler Youth poster from Wordpress. This image helped to give us a better idea about how Hitler told people about the Hitler youth program. We will use this in the Hitler Youth section of our build up page. It helped us to have a better understanding about the Hitler Youth and how Hitler controlled them.
Jewish People Walk in Front of Sign. 1938. Digital image.We Will Not Be Silent. This digital image from a jewish building archive gave us better understanding about the true discrimination against the Jewish People. This image helped us for our project to represent how the Nazis banded together against the Jewish people. For viewers this image gives them a visual about just how bad the Nazi discrimination against those Jewish was during the time period of the Holocaust.
Leaflets of the White Rose. 1942. Digital image. K-K Club. These images showed us the actual pictures of the leaflets of the White Rose and translated them into English. This was extremely helpful when we were trying to get pieces of the leaflets. We will use these image in the “Leaflets of the White Rose” section of our main event page. It helped to teach us more about the leaflets of the White Rose.
Members of the German Girls' League. 1934. Digital image. German League of Girls (Bund Deutscher Mädel). Spartacus Education. This digital image from the Spartacus Education shows us girls from the “League of German Girls”. This image help us with the Hitler Youth part of our website. The Hitler Youth part is inside of our Build-up section. This image will help us to have an overall understanding of “The League of German Girls” and how Hitler took ahold of the youth.
Men Saluting to Hitler. 1942. Digital image. Alamy,. Web. This digital image showed the people that worked closely with Hitler. It gave us a better idea about what help Hitler received in his journey to domination. When looking at this video we were given lots of information about my background page. When readers view this image they are given a broader concept about those who helped to bring Hitler to the legacy he is today.
Moments in World War 2 Military. 1944. Digital image. Crazy Frankenstein. This digital image of World War II helped us to understand how the war affected the members of the White Rose and just people during that time in general. We will use this picture in the background piece of our project helping us to further explain that statement.
Nazi Party. 1940. Digital image. Wordpress. This digital image of Nazi party gives us good information about the Nazis during their greatest point. This digital image will be used in our background page to help show readers how the Nazis looked when they were at their greatest point. This image helped us to understand how powerful the Nazis were.
Newspaper of Hitler. 1943. Photograph. Powered by Blogger. This image shows a real newspaper from that time showing Hitler’s rise to power. It helped us to get an idea about the news that people were getting during that time and how it impacted them.
People Bearing Nazi Flag. N.d. Digital Image. History. This digital image of Hitler Youth with Hitler from a website helped to lengthen our understanding about the Hitler Youth and how they affected the youth of Germany. This image will help us for our build up paragraphs to show “Hitler Youth”. This will give viewers a deeper understanding of Hitler Youth and how dedicated the youth was to Hitler.
Portrait of Paul Giesler. 1942. Digital image. Alamy. This portrait displays a picture of one specific Nazi- Paul Giesler. This gives us as well as the viewers of our website something to think about- the Nazis were not only a group of people, but many individual people combined.
"Propaganda Posters (NAZISM - WWII)." 1942. The Apricity Forum: A European Cultural Community. This image portrayed what resistance against Nazis looked like through resistance posters. This helped us with the build up part of our project by seeing how others resisted in a similar way to the White Rose. This image also shows readers what products of resisters could be. Therefore this image was extremely helpful with the 5W’s (who, what, where, when, why) of our project. This is helpful to viewers because it also shows other forms of active resistance other than leaflets.
Roland Freisler. July 20, 1944. Photograph. German Archives This digital image from an online website shows the White Rose members. It helped us to understand how they lived their daily lives and how that may have prompted their resistance. It helped us to get a better idea about what may have prompted resistance in the White Rose members personal lives.
Sophie Scholl. N.d. Photograph. Senior School Education. This digital image of the White Rose shows the members talking amongst themselves. It was helpful for us to use in our “main event” page because it gives a visual of the members in the process of a discussion.
Sophie Scholl. 1943. Digital Image. Holocaust Research Project These images were useful in allowing us to get a visual of what the authentic leaflets looked like. These images were taken of one of the original copies of the leaflets meaning that we get a visual today of what the German people saw back then.
Sophie Scholl. 1935. Photograph. Madame Guillotine This digital image gave us footage of Sophie Scholl who was a core member in the White Rose Movement. This helped us with the part of our project that features the core members of the White Rose. When viewers see this image they will know more about the only girl of the White Rose.
The White Rose. 1942. Digital image. Anti-Nazi Resistance. This image of other resistance groups helped us to understand how those resistance groups may have impacted the White Rose’s decisions. We will use this image in the Build up part of our website to show how those other resistance groups may have builded up to the White Rose’s stand.
Traute LaFrenz. 1947. Digital image. Sophie and the White Rose. This image of one of the core White Rose members, Traute LaFrenz, was a unique visual. This image allowed us to see, firsthand, one of the people who contributed in their movement to resist Hitler.
White Rose Leaflets. 1943. Digital image. Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. The digital image that we decided to include into our website was the White Rose leaflets. This was a very big part in what the White Rose did. We included the versions that are not yet translated because of how we wanted to have primary sources in our website.
Young Girls Saluting Hitler. N.d. Photograph. New Yorker. This original digital image shows more about the Hitler Youth and how it affected this individual person. It was a great source for us to learn about the people who liked and supported Hitler and the Nazi party. It also shows people how involved Hitler was with getting those youthful to like him and support the Nazi party. This picture is going to help us to demonstrate how powerful Hitler was in getting people to follow him and the Nazi party.
Newspapers & Magazines
Echo. Digital image. Swinging Monkey Flying Pig. Picture Window Template. Powered by Blogger., 05 Feb. 2017. Web. 23, June 2016. This image shows a real newspaper from that time showing Hitler’s rise to power. It helped us to get an idea about the news that people were getting during that time and how it impacted them. We will use this newspaper to show how news was spread in Hitler’s rise to power.
Hall, Allan. Death Machine. 2017. Daily Mail. Newspaper. This digital newspaper from associated newspaper shows how the Nazis were the death machines of Germany. It shows how they hurt not just those who were Jewish, but also those who protested against them by showing active resistance.
Lipson, Karin. "The Young Germans Who Stood Up to the Nazis." The New York Times. 2005. Newspaper. This website was helpful to our research because it described the impact in a lot of detail. They also included some brief background and main event information.
Ten Best Newspaper Clips. The Guardian. 2014. Digital image. This picture in the article shows a real newspaper from that time showing Hitler’s rise to power. It helped us to get an idea about the news that people were getting during that time and how it impacted them. We will use this newspaper to show how news was spread in Hitler’s rise to power and to help viewers learn about how Hitler became known to Germany.
Speeches Hitler, Adolf. "Hitler Speaks about the Jews." Gathering of Nazis. Germany. 06 Feb. 2017. Speech This speech by Hitler gave us first hand knowledge about how powerful Hitler was as a speaker and how convincing he was to the German people. It helped us to use as evidence of the fact that Hitler was very persuasive and convincing. We are using this speech in the background section of our website showing the rise of Hitler.
"White Rose - Leaflet 1." Libcom.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. This website was helpful to our project because it translated the leaflet allowing us to understand the full meaning of each leaflet. This helps us to interpret what the German people of the time were viewing. By using this website, we got to view the poem that was written at the bottom of the first leaflet.
Videos Battle of Stalingrad (German Perspective). Dir. Footage Archive. Battle of Stalingrad (German Perspective). YouTube, n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This video was very helpful in demonstrating what the Battle of Stalingrad was and how it affects us today. The video was presented from a German perspective. We found this very helpful in showing how they felt and their personal opinions on the battle.
HITLER YOUTH GIRLS, 1937. HITLER YOUTH GIRLS, 1937. YouTube, n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This video helped to show what girls in the Hitler Youth did each day for activity. It was important to include this so then our audience would be able to see fully what the girls in the Hitler Youth had to do every day in order to be in the Hitler Youth program.
Hitler Youth Girls, 1937. Dir. Cosmic Fire. Hitler Youth Girls, 1937. YouTube, n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This primary video was helpful for understanding the activities that the Hitler Youth participated in and how this may have caused Nazi support. We used these video clips in the Hitler Youth section of our build up page. This video will provide quality videos of the Hitler Youth for viewers of our project. Jewish Demonstration against Hitler. Jewish Demonstration against Hitler. Youtube, 1935. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This video was extremely helpful in showing the audience another protest that took place but in this event it was Jewish people that were revolting against Hitler. It shows that there are many individuals that wanted to make a change at that certain time period.
Piccirillo, Ryan A. "The White Rose Movement: Conscience in Silent Nazi Germany." Inquiries Journal - The International Student Journal. Inquiries, n.d. Web. This video had lots of good quotes from people who received the White Rose’s leaflets. It gave us good ideas for quotes for our final project and interview ideas.
World War II: White Rose Overview of the White Rose. Perf. Hildegard Hamm-Brücher. World War II: White Rose Overview of the White Rose. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016. Web. 13 Dec. 2016. This video focused on the people who were affected within the universities walls. It showed interviews of the people who, at the time, were members of the White Rose. This video helped us to understand how the Germans at that time were affected and how this movement changed their perspectives on the Nazi Party.
Why Not Peace with Hitler? Anti-War Protest in NYC, July 7 1941. Dir. Levan Ramishvili. Why Not Peace with Hitler? Anti-War Protest in NYC, July 7 1941. YouTube, n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This video was very helpful in showing that there were many individuals who wanted to have peace maintained amongst Germany like the White Rose. This video was of a peaceful protest that took place against Hitler and War.
"Center for White Rose Studies." Center for White Rose Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website helped us because they gave us information on our main event- the White Rose Movement. It didn’t go too in depth but it did give us great information on the basics of what they did to go against Hitler.
Books Axelrod, Toby. Hans and Sophie Scholl: German Resisters of the White Rose. Rosen Pub. Group, 2001. Print. This book helped us to gather quotes from those who were most affected by the White Rose. This book led us to a deeper understanding of the impact of our topic and more about our topic. We are using quotes and pieces of information from this book throughout our project. This was the most helpful source that we used because of how it provided many different quotes, pictures and options for an interview.
Bartoletti, Susan Campbell. Hitler Youth: Growing up in Hitler's Shadow. New York: Scholastic Nonfiction, 2005. Print. This book was very helpful in understanding The Hitler Youth movement and how there were many young children forced into a group they don’t believe in and in what ways. This gives us some insight as to some of the things that went on during Hitler’s regime.
Dumbach, Annette E., and Jud Newborn. Shattering the German Night: The Story of the White Rose. Boston: Little, Brown, 1986. Print This book helped us understand the scholars, the Jewish community, and what the Nazis were actually doing to the Jewish people. This helped us with the background part of our project and how the Nazis were torturing those who were Jewish at the time.
Dumbach, Annette E., and Jud Newborn. Sophie Scholl and the White Rose. Oxford: Oneworld Pub., 2006. Print. This book helped out with giving a lot of information on the White Rose members and what they accomplished in their lifetime. It also was helpful because it led us to one of our interviewees “Dr. Jud Newborn” who was an author of this book about the White Rose. We used quotes and information from this book throughout our final project.
Geyer, Michael, and John W. Boyer. Resistance Against the Third Reich: 1933-1990. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. This book was helpful because it gave a lot of in depth information on our topic and the impact it had. Those are two main factors in our research. It showed us more about the entire piece of the Third Reich and how this did not only impact the White Rose but also how it affected the entire Nazi movement.
Freedman, Russell. We Will Not Be Silent: The White Rose Student Resistance Movement That Defied Adolf Hitler. Boston: Clarion , Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016. Print. This book gave us as readers some great quotes from the members of the White Rose. It allowed us to get to know our topic and everyone involved in it much more in depth. It also included some great historical photographs from 1940s Germany. We are using these historical photos throughout the background and build up of our project.
Gutman, Israel. Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994. Print. This book gave us a thorough understanding of the resistance towards Nazis and Hitler. It included lots of background information which helped us to know more about the events leading up to the White Rose. We used several quotes and pieces about resistance for the final parts of the build up of our project.
Gottfried, Ted, and Stephen Alcorn. Nazi Germany: The Face of Tyranny. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-First Century, 2000. Print. This book provided some helpful information on Hitler’s childhood and dictatorship. This book also included an artist’s unique interpretation on Hitler’s dictatorship using drawings and pictures. These drawings and pictures will be helpful to show artists work on the White Rose.
Vinke, Hermann, and Ilse Aichinger. The Short Life of Sophie Scholl. Cambridge: Harper & Row, 1984. Print. This book had a lot of helpful background information on the one of the main members Sophie Scholl. This book also included information about her involvement in the White Rose and her time spent in jail in the same cell as Sophie Scholl.. We used these pieces in the build up part of our project and how their arrest led to their stance.
"Electronic Library for Minnesota." School.eb.com.proxy.elm4you.org. Encyclopedia, Britannica Inc., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2016 This encyclopedia article helped to show that there were many groups that tried to stop Hitler’s dictatorship. There were many different groups that tried to achieve peace instead of the chaos that Hitler put down upon Germany. We will use pieces of it for our background part of our website.
McDonough, Frank. Sophie Scholl: The Real Story of the Woman Who Defied Hitler. Stroud, Gloucestershire: History, 2009. Print. This book was very helpful to our research. It included lots of information on the impacts of The White Rose Movement as well as lots of background on our topic. It also included several quotes from Inge Scholl (the sibling of Sophie and Hans.)
Ray, Micheal. "White Rose." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 8 June 2015. Web. This article portrayed the main event and explained what happened and what the impact of the event was. The author of this article helped to conclude that the White Rose movement had a big impact to helping set Germany and the Jewish people free.
"Solf Circle." Wow Foundation, 28 Oct. 2016. Web. 09 Dec. 2016. This encyclopedia impacted what we know on our topic by a lot. It helped show that there are other groups that wanted to make an impact on the world, along with how they accomplished in doing so. The website just gave a summary of the group and what they did to revolt against Nazism.
"Sophie Scholl." GSI Foundation, 7 Dec. 2016. Web. 09 Dec. 2016. This encyclopedia was important to our topic because we were able to find lots of information about their impact and what their last words were. The author pointed out that they had many impacts on everyone and how they helped the German people.
"White Rose." Center for White Rose Studies Foundation, 8 Dec. 2016. Web. 09 Dec. 2016. This encyclopedia helped us to understand our topic better because it gave a summary of who was in the group, what the accomplished, and their impact. It was helpful for a quick overview of the topic and included important dates and moments in their movement. "White Rose." White Rose - New World Encyclopedia. N.p., 7 Aug. 2013. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.This encyclopedia allowed us to get to know more about the White Rose Movement. It allowed us to get a good overview of this movement, how it impacted others, and who was apart of it. It gave several specific dates and details as well.
Images (reproduced images- or images not directly from event)
A scene from The White Rose, starring Wulf Kessler and Lena Stolze as siblings Hans and Sophie Scholl. Digital image. German Missions in the United States. Michael Verhoeven - Germany's Cinematic Conscience, n.d. Web. This scene is helpful to understand the relationship between members of the White Rose- as the actors are portraying Sophie and Hans Scholl. By watching the scene you would likely understand that they are siblings which would help you to understand why they seemed so emotionally close and often did things (such as spreading out leaflets) as a pair.
Burton, Lucy. White Rose:The Germans Who Tried to Topple Hitler. Digital image. BBC News, 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 5 Feb. 2017. This image showed what legacy the White Rose left behind and how it impacted people. This was useful because it showed how the White Rose truly did leave a legacy behind and what that legacy was. When readers view this image they are given a better understanding about the legacy that the White Rose left.
Casey, Brian. White Rose Quotes. Digital image. The Complete Story of the White Rose. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. We used this digital image from an online website to portray the symbol of the movement: A White Rose. It helped us to have examples of the flower that the White Rose was named for. When readers view this image they see an example of the innocence and purity of the White Rose’s symbol.
Cottbus, Antifa. We would like to thank times quite fond of the many hate comments. Digital image. Twitter. N.p., 16 Jan. 2017. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This image showed the symbol for anti-nazi resistance. It gave us a digital image for readers to see what an anti-Nazi image would look like. This image was helpful for representing anti-Nazi resistance.
Detail of copies of White Rose pamphlets have been embedded in the pavement of Geschwister-Scholl-Platz outside the central hall of Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich. Digital image. The History Notes. Blogger, 17 May 2011. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This image portrays what the White Rose memorials look like and where they are in the public. It allows readers to see how they made an impact on people by having a memorial directly in public. Using this image viewers are able to understand the legacy of the White Rose and what memorials for it look like.
Figure 3. Digital image. Historical Boys Uniforms. HBU, 15 Nov. 1998. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image of the Hitler Youth boys uniforms is from a history archive center. This image helps my group by giving us a visual and a deeper understanding of how the Hitler Youth dressed and behaved. By viewing this image others have a deeper understanding of the Hitler Youth as well.
MUNICH. Digital image. MSA Tours. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image helped us to get a visual of where our topic took place. This allows us to get a clearer image in our minds of where the leaflets were being spread, where the graffiti was painted, etc.
Nazi Party. Digital image. Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., 6 Aug. 2015. Web. 05 Feb. 2017.\ This digital image gave us a great visual of what a day in the life of many Germans looked like- with an abundance of Nazis and ceremonies honoring Hitler.
RESIST BLOG TOUR | DAY 6. Digital image. Taking Dictation. Copyright Taking Dictation . Designed by Best For Blogger, n.d. Web. In using this digital image towards our project it in the end was very useful in describing how Hitler became a dictator and those who were living in Germany at the time showed their opinions towards this happening.
RESIST BLOG TOUR | DAY 6. Digital image. Taking Dictation. Copyright Taking Dictation . Designed by Best For Blogger, 27 Feb. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image was very helpful to getting a visual as to what some of the core members of the White Rose looked like. To be able to fully visualize the White Rose members passing out leaflets and spreading resistance, you have to first have a clear idea of what they look like and this digital image does a great job of depicting that.
Riccio, Alex. The White Rose. Digital image. At the Heart of the White Rose N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This image was a good representation of members who took part in the White Rose movement. For our project it is helpful that the audience knows what the members look like to understand fully who took this courageous stand in history.
Robert Scholl. Digital image. Crailsheim. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image was useful in our project because it is an image of Robert Scholl, the father of 2 core members of the White Rose. The digital image gives us more detail into the background of the members of the White Rose.
Sophie Scholl and the White Rose Resistance. Digital image. A World to Win. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image helps you to understand what it looked like when Sophie and Hans Scholl were being arrested by the Gestapo. In this movie scene reenactment, you get a better idea of how scary and daring their mission was.
Sophie Scholl (Los últimos Días) Sophie Scholl (Los últimos Días) Sophie Scholl (The Final Days). Digital image. Movistar. Telefonica, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This image was very helpful in showing the movie that was created based off of the White Rose called “The Final Days”. This was helpful due to how it showed the legacy of the White Rose movement and how it is still remembered to this day.
The Swing Kids. Digital image. Listverse. LIstverse, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image showed another anti-Nazi group who called themselves “The Swing Kids.” The Swing Kids would listen to forbidden music and dance to it publicly to prove their anti-Nazi point of view.
Tara, Ella, Taylah, Kitty, Alex, Ellie, and Katelyn. Nuremberg Laws. Digital image. HOLOCAUST FOR STUDENTS. Weebly, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This image showed the Nuremberg laws on a chart that was made to demonstrate what the Nuremberg laws were and how they work. This was helpful to being able to see because of how closely linked the Nuremberg laws are to our topic- The White Rose.
Viawit. Rules, Rules, Rules.. Digital image. Pearls Of Profundity. Pearls Of Profundity, 02 May 2013. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image was helpful to us because it gave a visual of a swastika. This was needed to give viewers a visual of what the “Nazi Symbol”looked like if they didn’t already know.
White Rose memorial. Digital image. At the Heart of the White Rose, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2017. This digital image was useful because it showed the impact of what the White Rose Society had on Germany. This image shows one of the memorials built in their honor. It is helpful to show just how big of an impact the White Rose really had on people.
Interviews (with experts in field, or people not directly involved)
"German History." Interview by Gary Cohen. n.d.: n. pag. Print. We interviewed Professor Cohen who scholars in German History about the background of our topic and what may have led up to our main event. He helped us to have a good understanding about what led up to the White Rose movement. We will be using this information as audio clips from our phone conversation throughout our project. Newborn, Jud. "The White Rose Movement." Interview. N.p., n.d. Web. We interviewed Dr. Newborn who scholars in The White Rose Movement about the main event of our topic and what may have led up to our main event. He helped us to find quality new found information about the White Rose movement. We will be using quotes from our interview throughout our project where they make the most sense.
Videos Courage Can Be Almost as Contagious as Fear: Brian Palmer at TEDxGöteborg. Perf. Brian Palmer. N.p., 9 Dec. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2016. This TED Talk was very helpful. The speaker gave a great overview of what happened, without going into too much detail. The video included the members of the group and the main event, which is a helpful starting place for research.
Http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCejjsdIO_ywNQcsPRMIAMEQ. "National Anthem Of Nazi Germany." YouTube. YouTube, 15 Feb. 2013. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This secondary video helped us to have a deeper understanding of Nazi radio broadcasts and how they began. We used this video in the part of our project where we talked about how Hitler spread news throughout Germany.
Nazi Germany - The White Rose - Resistance to Hitler N05e Timelines.tv. Dir. Timelines. Youtube, n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017. This video was helpful in showing a full timeline of all the courageous things the White Rose performed. It was a very good layout to thoroughly show all of the dates and events that happened.
Sw0rdsmanJames. "The White Rose Resistance Group: A National History Day Documentary." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Nov. 2013. Web. 21 Dec. 2016. This History Day documentary was very helpful in understanding the White Rose Movement along with understanding all of the information we need to have for History Day. We used it to gather further information about our main event.
Websites "Adolf." Hitler's Rise to Power. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website was helpful for learning more about the background of our topic. It gave lots of great information on Hitler’s rise to power as chancellor. This website explained how he rose to power and what he did when he rose to power that could’ve caused resistance groups such as the White Rose to take a stand.
"Adolf Hitler Timeline." Adolf Hitler Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This timeline of Hitler’s dictatorship helped us to understand how one event led to another. We got to see how all of the main events throughout his dictatorship connected and caused one another.
"10 Awesome Groups Of Germans Who Resisted The Nazis." Listverse. N.p., 21 June 2014. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website helped us to get an idea of the build up and impact of the White Rose. This helped us with the build up because it allowed us to see what groups might’ve inspired the White Rose. It also helped with impact because the website also described groups who could’ve been inspired by the White Rose.
Burns, Lucy. "White Rose: The Germans Who Tried to Topple Hitler." BBC News. BBC, 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This BBC News website was helpful to get an overview of our topic. It gave good information on the background and main event of our topic. It was helpful to review basic information such as the members of the group. Not only did it allow us to review basic information, but it also helped us to better understand that stands they took against Hitler.
ConVistaAlMar.com.ar. "Sophie Scholl and the White Rose." The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website was very useful because it gave a great description of one core member of the resistance group, Sophie Scholl. It described what she did and how she contributed to the group. This website also described the White Rose as a whole and gave an overview of what they did.
Deutsche Welle. "Sophie, Hans Scholl Remain Symbols of Resistance | Germany | DW.COM | 18.02.2013." DW.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2016. This website was really helpful to our research! It gave a great, brief overview of our topic and hit all 3 pieces of important information- background, main event, and impact. It gave basic information on each section allowing us to learn everything we should know about our topic but also refreshing our memory.
"German Resistance to Hitler." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website provided us with a good overview on resistance groups against Hitler. It expanded our knowledge of general knowledge of our topic. It allowed us to read about groups that resisted similarly to the White Rose and differently. It allowed us to read about what groups were more effective than others and why.
"Global Nonviolent Action Database." Global Nonviolent Action Database. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2016. This website gave an awesome topic overview and a great description of the impact! It reviewed some of the basic facts about our topic and ensured that we were knowledgable on everything we should know about our topic.
Gluck, Robert. "Holocaust Resistance of White Rose Group Remembered 70 Years Later."JNS.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2017. This website gave a great description of our topic and how Germany is impacted by it today. This helped us out considerably with learning more about how our topic impacted Germany/Germans years after their deaths and even today.
John Simkin. "Spartacus Educational." Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational, n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017. This website helped us to get a better understand of our main event and the immediate impact it had on them, their families, and Germany as a whole. This website went very indepth and used great images and quotes to help us get a thorough understanding of the White Rose Movement.
Matson, Jeff. "White Rose Society | The Four Leaflets | HOME." White Rose Society | The Four Leaflets | HOME. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website showed us what all of the leaflets that the White Rose members passed out translated to. We were able to read them in English rather than German. This allowed us to quote them as well as get their full meaning.
Piccirillo, Ryan A. "The White Rose Movement: Conscience in Silent Nazi Germany."Inquiries Journal. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website gave lots of information on every aspect of our project- the historical content, build up, main event, and impact. It covered all of those categories and was very in depth and informational.
Pillar, Paul R., Daniel R. DePetris, Ali Wyne, and Stephen F. Knott. "The Lesson of Pre-World War II Germany." The National Interest. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website was very helpful for learning more about the events leading up to the White Rose taking a stand. It allowed us to learn about Hitler becoming chancellor and how that impacted Germany at the time.
"Resistance inside Germany." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website gave a broad overview of many different resistance groups within Germany. It did not specify on the White Rose but instead provided examples of actions that many different resistance groups had taken.
"Speech Declaring War Against the United States." Hitler's Speech Declaring War Against the United States. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website was very useful for getting background information on German history. It showed us the events leading up to Germany declaring war on the United States. This site helped us to better understand why the White Rose and other resistance groups took the stands they did.
"The White Rose - A Lesson in Dissent." The White Rose - A Lesson in Dissent. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website gave a brief overview of the actions that the members of the White Rose had taken against Hitler. It also described the consequences they faced for doing so.
"The White Rose Movement." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website gave a brief description of what the White Rose did to resist against Hitler and then the immediate impact. The impact included the consequences the members faced and what happened in the weeks following their execution.
"The White Rose." Holocaust Research Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website gave a good timeline of events that the White Rose contributed to. This website helped us to know the order of events in which they happened. They stated accomplishments of the White Rose such as their graffiti and leaflets.
""The White Rose Leaflets" Revolt & Resistance N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. This website translated the leaflets from German to English. By being able to read them in English, this allowed us to get a full understanding of exactly what they were trying to communicate to the German people via their leaflets.
"The White Rose: A 70 Year Legacy." Holocaust Educational Trust - Holocaust Educational Trust Blog. N.p., 30 June 2015. Web. 07 Jan. 2017. This website gave an overview of our topic and how modern-day Germany is still impacted by the White Rose’s stand, even years later. It describes items such as monuments created in honor of the White Rose.
"The White Rose Revolt & Resistance Www.HolocaustResearchProject.org." The White Rose Revolt & Resistance Www.HolocaustResearchProject.org. Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2017. This website was very helpful in giving an overview of the White Rose Movement. It covered the main event- what they did and then the immediate impact following their arrests.
"Walhalla Regensburg - A Magnificent Gothic Cathedral in Germany." Live Like a German. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2017. This website gave a lot of helpful, indepth information on how the resistance group, the White Rose, impacted Germany. It also explains how they are still relevant in modern Germany.
3 Best Sources
Mr. Jud Newborn is a scholar on the White Rose Movement and was a helpful interviewee. He has written several books and articles on the White Rose. He gave us very indepth and detailed information.
The book At the Heart of the White Rose: Letters and Diaries of Hans and Sophie Scholl was our second best source. It included letters sent between Hans, Sophie, Inge, and their parents. It was really interesting to read about the raw emotions and feelings everyone felt while Sophie and Hans were protesting.
The website Spartacus Educational was our third most helpful source. It gave us some great in depth information on our main event and short term impact. It provided us with some great images and quotes as well.
Scholl, Inge, and Dorothee Solle. The White Rose: Munich, 1942-1943. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan UP, 1983. Print. This book allowed us to gather information from the sister of Hans and Sophie Scholl. It showed her first hand experience with the White Rose Movement and how it impacted her and others. She explains in a lot of detail what the group did to stop Hitler.