Hitler recruited Germany's girls and boys between the ages of 10-18. Hitler Youth enabled Hitler to control the men, women, and children. Originally, the Scholls, along with members of the White Rose were part of Hitler Youth. Through their experiences, their opinions about Hitler changed.
Uniforms of Hitler Youth
League of German Girls raising the Nazi flag
Q: "If they hadn't been in Hitler Youth, do you suppose they would have resisted?"
A: "Remember that the OTHER core White Rose members in Munich – Alexander Schmorell, Christoph Probst and Willi Graf among them – were NOT Hitler Youth ever. Willi Graff was the most consistently anti-Nazi of them all from the start – joining a Catholic anti-Nazi youth group called the “Gray Order” and crossing off his address book the name of every friend who joined the Hitler Youth starting in 1933."
From our interview with Dr. Jud Newborn, White Rose Expert